The Union Cabinet recently cleared the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill which aims to set up National Medical Commission replacing 63-year-old Medical Council of India (MCI).
The move is a part of endeavour towards reforming Indian medical education sector. The Bill which will repeal Indian Medical Council Act 1956 was first presented in 2017 but lapsed with the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.
The bill proposes reforms such as the common final year MBBS called National Exit Test (NEXT), which will pave way for PG admission to students. They needn’t to go for separate NEET PG exam for post graduate medical/dental courses. NEXT will be a screening test for foreign medical graduates.
The bill also has provision to make the national medical entrance exam, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), common counselling and NEXT applicable to Institutes of National Importance (INIs) such as the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) to ensure uniform standards.
The Bill also put cap fees on 50 percent of the seats in MBBS and PG colleges.
The NMC will be a 29-member body which would comprise of 20 members selected through nomination, and nine through the election.
“At present, we are having NEET and entrance exams for AIIMS. Now, we will also have an exit exam that will be for everyone for getting a license to practice medicine in the country,” Union minister Prakash Javadekar was quoted saying at a cabinet briefing.
“These measures through an autonomous commission will ensure a transparent admission process and also bring down the admission fee, as we have long been talking about fee regulation in private colleges,” said Javadekar.