Telemedicine might become one of the priority trends in healthcare development in Russia. In the year 2008 a range of large telemedicine projects is expected to be implemented. According to specialists, the given sector will develop in Russia not only due to the state initiative, but thanks to attracting private investment. Telemedicine might become one of the main constituents to implement the priority national project ‘Health’ related to healthcare. According to the head of the company ‘National Telemedicine Agency’, one of 2007 key results is the business model, which makes telemedicine development economically efficient. The model is based on the public-private partnership, where private business acts as a provider and undertakes all the operations related to the infrastructure creation and telemedicine services provision. Telemedicine infrastructure is created through constructing federal centers of high medical technologies. Currently 15 centers are planned to be constructed at the expense of finance allocated to implement the federal target investment program 2006-2007. The first to be opened are the centers in Astrakhan, Cheboksary, Penza, and Krasnodar. In particular, the emergency treatment, orthopedics and endoprosthesis replacement center in Cheboksary will be linked to the telemedicine network uniting Novosibirsk and St. Petersburg Emergency treatment and orthopedics Research Institute, several healthcare institutions of Chuvashia Republic and several republican telemedicine centers. Similar telemedicine networks are created on the basis of other high medical technology centers. Connection of all healthcare institutions to the internet should become a powerful incentive to the development of telemedicine in Russia. Such an initiative has recently been made by the RF Ministry of IT and Communication.