World Diabetes Day: How chronic disease can be controlled in children


14th November is marked as World Diabetes Day. Every year World Diabetes Day is observed with a significant theme. The theme for World Diabetes Day 2018 and 2019 is The Family and Diabetes.


chronic diseaseThis year World Diabetes Day aims to raise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family. It also promotes the role of the family in the management, care, prevention and education of diabetes.

Diabetes or high blood sugar levels are a chronic disease which is not only affecting middle-aged or older adults but also teens and young children.

The warning signs of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, a lack of energy, blurred vision, slow-healing wounds, and numbness in the feet and/or hands.


According to an International Diabetes Federation (IDF) study, four-in-five adults across the globe fail to correctly identify the warning signs of diabetes in the.

Left untreated or unmanaged, diabetes can lead to life-changing complications. These include blindness, amputation, kidney failure, heart attack and stroke. Diabetes was responsible for four million deaths in 2017.

Let’s have a look on how the disease can be contained among children:

Physical activity is a must

Sedentary habits make teens prone to this disease. Children often have habits of sitting long hours in front of TV, mobile or laptop. This is very harmful for them as it leads to weight gain and increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. They should be encouraged to play outdoor games instead.

Sugar intake should be controlled

Children love chocolates, and beverages like sodas, juices, candies, donuts, pastries. Excessive consumption of these sugar rich foods make them overweight and increases risk of type 2 diabetes. It doesn’t need these foods should be eliminated completely from their diet. Children can eat their favourite chocolates and candies occasionally.

Encouraged them to eat healthy diet

Teens should be encouraged to eat healthy foods i.e fresh fruits and nutrient-rich foods like whole-grain cereals, legumes, breads, fruits, vegetables, dairy products and lean proteins.

Watch out for obesity

Overweight is precursor of many diseases including type 2 diabetes. Eating processed or packaged foods on a daily basis make them prone to obesity. Parents should care that their wards should eat homemade food. In addition, they should be encouraged to play outdoor games to keep themselves fit and fine.

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