Research

59% of Indian Women Suffer from Anemia, Says Report

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SRL diagnostics, in its recent report has highlighted the alarming facts and concerns on women’s health in India. The brief report captures a snapshot of study done around anemia prevalent among women at a Pan- India level, at SRL labs over the past 3 years.

Results of the Study

·         Nutritional Anemia – major public health problem worldwide particularly in developing countries among women of reproductive age.

·         As per National Family Health survey, more than half of women in India (55%) have anemia, including 39% with mild anemia, 15% with moderate anemia and 2% with severe anemia.

·         Nearly 50 – 80% of Indian mothers suffer from anemia due to iron – deficiency in their diet.

·         Maternal anemia invariable translates into anemic infants and newborns. About 30- 40 percent of newborn suffer from low birth weight due to maternal anemia and malnutrition.

·         An alarming 600 million people in South-East Asia are suffering from iron deficiency anemia, predominantly affecting adolescent girls, women of reproductive age and young children.

·         In studies conducted in developing countries, adolescent anemia is the greatest nutritional problem.

Testing Procedure at SRL

· Testing for blood parameters like red blood cells and hemoglobin per cent (Hb) are widely accepted as routine tests for assessing anemia.

· The illustration given below shows the trend in the number of Hb tests performed at SRL labs pan India for women, during the period 2012-14.

· An encouraging upward trend in women accessing preventive health check up tests over the last 3 years has been analyzed through the report and study.

Fig 1: Trends in Hb% testing as a part of regular health check up for women at SRL

Fig 1: Trends in Hb% testing as a part of regular health check up for women at SRL

 

Anemia Study Analysis

As per pan India analysis of SRL test result data for the period 2012-14

  • SRL declares that 59.27% women are anemic in the country.
  • Eastern zone of the country have higher prevalence of anemia with an alarming 72.12% women having less than adequate blood haemoglobin.
Fig 2: Distribution of abnormally low Hb amongst women pan India

Fig 2: Distribution of abnormally low Hb amongst women pan India

Fig 3: Zone wise break up of low Hb amongst women in India

Fig 3: Zone wise break up of low Hb amongst women in India

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