According to the National Medical Commission (NMC), there are currently 358 Government Medical Colleges and 296 Private Medical Colleges in the nation. The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare oversees the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the “Establishment of new Medical Colleges attached with existing district/referral hospitals,” giving priority to underserved regions and aspirational districts where there are no existing Government or private medical colleges. A total of 157 medical colleges have been approved under the programme in three phases, with funding split between the federal government and state governments in the following proportions: 60:40 for the rest of the states and 90:10 for North Eastern and Special Category States.
As part of Centrally Sponsored Schemes for upgrading existing State Government/Central Government Medical Colleges for adding MBBS (UG) seats and PG seats, the Ministry also provides financial assistance to existing government medical colleges for civil works and the purchase of equipment and furniture. These programmes have supported the addition of 4677 MBBS seats in 77 institutions, 4058 PG phase-I seats in 72 colleges, and 3858 PG phase-II seats in 60 colleges across the nation.
Also read: Odisha now has 10 medical colleges: Dr Dharmendra Pradhan
In addition, 75 projects have been approved for upgrading the nation’s tertiary health infrastructure through the construction of Super Specialty Blocks, Trauma Care Centers, and other facilities, as well as the purchase of medical supplies under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). 22 AIIMS have also received approval to open.
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