October 12 is observed as World Arthritis day every year. The day is specifically celebrated to spread global awareness about arthritis and the complications related with the disease. Arthritis is a condition concerning joints, weakness, pain and inflammation. Body parts which are most affected with arthritis are feet, hands, hips, knees and the lower back. Arthritis is a term that describes more than 100 joint conditions. According to a report, around 14% of the Indian population seeks a doctor’s help every year for arthritis.
Arthritis day was started in the year 1996, by initiative of the Arthritis and Rheumatism International Foundation. The foundation focused on creating awareness among people on rheumatic anWorld Arthritis Day celebrated across the globed musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). After the campaign by the foundation, October 12 is marked as the World Arthritis day every year.
There is no specific treatment for Arthritis. However there are certain lifestyle changes that can help combat arthritis. Regular exercising should be the primary focus along strengthening of muscles, relieving stiffness and reducing stress. Thirdly, healthy sleep and taking proper time to rest and relax also helps. Medications for relaxation include Non-Pharmacologic therapies, Physical or occupational therapy, Weight loss and Surgery including joint replacement.
To know about the bone and joints in the body radiology is performed. e.g. X-ray, CT-scan, MRI and DEXA scan, laboratory tests are used for screening or for monitoring the progress of the disease. Various lab Tests and blood tests are done as aids to arrive at a diagnosis and are not definitive in diagnosing arthritis. More tests include, Inflammation Tests, ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate), CRP (C-reactive protein), test for rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid factor, test for Gout, uric acid and osteoarthritis.