Four months of lockdown has prevented about 14–29 lakh cases and 37–78,000 deaths due to Covid-19, said Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan on COVID-19 management during the first day of Parliament’s monsoon session.
“India has been able to limit its cases and deaths per million to 3,328 and 55 respectively, which is one of the lowest in the world as compared to similarly affected countries. These four months were utilized to create additional health infrastructure, enhance human resources, and produce within India critical elements such as PPEs, N-95 masks, and ventilators. The increase in dedicated isolation beds was 36.3 times and dedicated ICU beds above 24.6 times to what existed in March 2020. Whereas there was no indigenous manufacturing of PPE, with the requisite standards, at that point in time, we are now self-sufficient and, in a position to even export the same,” he said.
Dr. Harsh Vardhan also informed that the country was able to limit its cases and deaths per million to 3,328 and 55 respectively, which is one of the lowest in the world as compared to similarly affected countries.
The maximum cases and deaths have been primarily reported from Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, West Bengal, Bihar, Telangana, Odisha, Assam, Kerala, and Gujarat. All these states have reported at least 100,000 cases.
“Many of the epidemiological parameters, such as mode of transmission, subclinical infection, a period of virus shedding, the role of immunity, etc. are still being researched. Once a person is exposed to the infection, the disease may develop anytime between 1-14 days,” he said in Lok Sabha.
The government has taken several proactive measures to contain the disease spread, including the creation of a group of ministers (GoM) on February 3.
“Constant monitoring of the disease trend, analysis of available infrastructure, and planning in advance for the future has averted a major crisis as was faced by many developed countries. In addition, a total of 12,826 quarantine centers with 598,811 beds have been created,” said Dr. Harsh Vardhan in the House.
As of September 12, 2020, a total of 15,284 COVID-19 treatment facilities with 1,314,646 dedicated isolation beds without oxygen support have been created. Also, a total of 231,093 oxygen supported isolation beds and 62,717 ICU beds (including 32,575 ventilator beds) have been created.