Indian healthcare industry is going to witness a huge transformation with the advent of ‘National Health Mission 2020’ – which aims to provide an amalgam of Technology and Genomics for Advanced level of Healthcare Services.
TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES – DIAGNOSIS & MEDICATION ACHIEVING NEW MILEAGE
Merger of Technology in Healthcare Industry can bring a breakthrough alteration in the traditional methods of Patient Data Management, Diagnosis and Treatment, improving and saving countless lives.
Precision Medicine is “an emerging programme for disease treatment in the path of tech-merged clinical practices. It is a customisation of healthcare, with medical decisions, treatments, and practices specifically designed for individual patient. It allows doctors to select patient treatments based on a genetic understanding of diseases. Such type of special medicine is dependent on patients’ data; therefore, electronic health records will be a must-thing in the coming years.
Wearable Electronic Devices along with Nanotechnology is going to open new realms of possibility for advanced clinical monitoring gadgets that are wearable directly on the skin. Such devices can prove to be a breakthrough in treating wide span of critical diseases using skin-mounted sensors as diagnostic tools.
Artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare is another path-breaking tool which focuses in analysis of complicated medical data using critical algorithms and software based technology.
AI programmes can be applied to practices such as diagnosis processes, treatment protocol development, drug development, personalised medicine, and patient monitoring and care.
Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), an amalgamation of medical devices and applications, connect to health care information technology systems through online computer networks. It can reduce unnecessary hospital visits and the burden on health care systems by connecting patients to their physicians and allowing the transfer of medical data over a secure network.
DIGITAL FACE OF HEALTH RECORDS
Healthcare professionals throughout the world are discovering the “next big thing” i.e. impacting medical practices and hospitals – Electronic Medical Records (EMR). It can securely share electronic information with patients and other clinicians, helping doctors to diagnose patients more effectively, with reduced medical errors, and deliver safer care.
TELEHEALTH – FASTER HEALTHCARE CIRCULATION
Tele health, which uses digital information and communication technologies, such as computers and mobile devices, to deliver health care services at larger extent is another area that should be promoted to address large rural population of India that is still deprived of good healthcare facilities due to old accessibility and affordability issues of healthcare.
PATIENT DATA SECURITY
With changing time, we can expect an emergence of more secured electronic health records of patients in India by 2025 with adoption of ISO 27001 based security framework by healthcare providers as well as technology solution providers.
Laws like Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) are required so that safety and security for patient data could be ensured at the national level. Similar kind of security should be delivered by the manufacturer of different bio medical devices so that after the penetration of 5G and IOT in healthcare ecosystem, less causality should be reported due to distinct Cyber espionage.
SMART HOSPITALS IN NEXT FIVE YEARS
Big data analytics will be required by healthcare providers to get adhoc analytics and different patterns from patients’ disease perspective . AI will be used for better diagnosis and prediction of cardio and other critical disease future pattern, prediction for patients who will be at primary stage of similar kind of critical diseases. At present, important issue in the Indian healthcare is ‘under dose’ and ‘over dose’ of medicines due to which many patients are getting affected. Going forward, the technology based electronic patient records in combination with AI- based clinical system will help the doctors in choosing the right drugs, based on patient medical history.
Writer is Chander Mohan Malhotra, Head – IT Projects, Sarvodaya Hospital & Research Centre, Faridabad.