Plenary Session 3
One of Indias inherent strengths is self-help groups, which are efficiently making the last mile delivery of healthcare services a reality. This session highlighted that having already several achievements under their belt, the successful models of self-help groups across the country can be replicated elsewhere and the cumulative learnings from their experiences can make a huge contribution in strengthening the very fabric of the Indian healthcare system.
- Karnataka Health System Resource Centre channelises technical assistance and provides capacity-building support to Karnataka State Government to strengthen the Public Health System in the state. KSHSRC also acts as facilitating agency for Civil Society action.
- Kudumbashree, a community organisation of Neighborhood Groups (NHGs) of women in Kerala, has been recognised as an effective strategy for the empowerment of women in rural as well as urban areas “ bringing women together from all spheres of life to fight for their rights or for empowerment.
- Kerala has a high female literacy rate of 86.2%, a low infant mortality rate (IMR) of 12 (against the national average of 40 a favourable sex ratio of 1032 female/1000 male, low maternal mortality rate (MMR) 0.8/1000 and a high life expectancy of 74 female/70 male.
- Self-help groups are seen as instruments for goals including empowering women, developing leadership abilities among poor people, increasing school enrollments, and improving nutrition and the use of birth control.
DR SM SADHANA
utive Director, Karnataka Health System Resource Centre
Government of Karnataka
KSHSRC was started in 2009 to technically assist the Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Karnataka to build the capacities of the officers of the Department. KSHSRC proactively identifies the issues, gaps, deficiencies in the health system and works towards solving them. It has expanded its activities by entering into collaboration with like-minded agencies who work in health “ research, strengthening public health, hospital research and health policy.
DR DIVYA S IYER
Sub-Collector, Thiruvananthapuram District,
Government of Kerala
Kerala is ensuring participatory model of healthcare. Kudumbashree is one such great example. Kudumbashree is Keralas State Poverty Eradication Mission, which was launched on May 17, 1998. The Mission aims to eradicate absolute poverty within a definite time frame of 10 years under the leadership of Local Self Governments formed and empowered by the 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Constitution of India.
PROF DR AMINA ATHER
Directoral Jury for Sustainable and Community
Outreach, Public Health, UNESCO
The system of Self-Help Groups was started 70 years ago. Self-Help Group (SHG) is a small voluntary association of poor people, preferably from the same socio-economic background. They come together for the purpose of solving their common problems through self-help and mutual help. The SHG promotes small savings among its members. A SHG may be registered or unregistered.