In a Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars report released by Springer Nature, India positions second among the ten countries with the highest absolute increase in their contribution to high-quality research publications between years 2012 and 2015. The report was introduced at a conclave titled Research and Innovation in Science for Sustainable Development of India.
The conclave, organised by Springer Nature, brought together the diverse audience for a thought-provoking discussion on the role of science and innovation in supporting sustainable development in India.
The Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars supplement aims to identify the countries and institutions showing the most significant growth in high-quality research publications over the four years between 2012 and 2015. Rising Stars uses the power of the Nature Index, which tracks the research of more than 8,000 global institutions published in a group of 68 high-quality natural science journals, which have been independently selected by scientists.
Indias emergence as one of the worlds largest economies is being reflected by its increasing contribution to the worlds high-quality research publications, as the Nature Index Rising Stars has shown.Springer Nature has enjoyed long historical ties with India and we are excited about the future of high-quality research here. We look forward to deeper engagement with both the government and the science, research and education community, said Derk Haank, Chief utive Officer of Springer Nature.
While India makes its mark, the index finds that it is Chinese institutions that are leading the world in rapidly increasing high-quality research outputs. 40 of the top 100 highest performers across the globe are from this scientific powerhouse, with 24 of those showing growth above 50% since 2012. The United States “ which remains the largest contributor to high-quality scientific papers overall “ is second, with 11 entrants into the top 100 despite many starting from a high base. Nine institutions feature from the United Kingdom, eight from Germany and four from India.
The four institutions from Indiaamong the top 100 featured in the index arethe Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), the Indian Institute of Science (IIS)and the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).Chemistry made up more than half (51%) of India’s scientific contributions to the index in 2015. 36% was from physical sciences, 9% from life sciences and 4% from earth and environmental sciences.
China spent 1.4 trillion yuan (approximately $ 209 billion) on research and development (R&D) in 2015, or 2.1% of GDP. India, in comparison, currently spends around 1% of its GDP on R&D.