By the end of 12th plan, the government would endeavour to increase both Plan and Non-Plan public expenditure in the Centre and the States taken together to 2.5 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP ) as announced by President Pratibha Patil.
The government has also proposed to convert the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) into a National Health Mission to provide health care to the urban poor also. There will be universal access to free generic essential medicines in public health institutions in a phased and time-bound manner.
Despite of increased investment in the healthcare sector over 7 years does not really suffice the needs of the people in the country. The government would strengthen district hospitals to provide advanced level secondary care under the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases & Stroke and The National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly.
The Infant Mortality Rate declined from 58 per thousand live births in 2005 to 47 in 2010 and Maternal Mortality Ratio from 254 per one lakh deliveries in 2004-2006 to 212 in 2007-2009. The Janani Suraksha Yojana registered impressive gains with 1.13 crore women benefiting during 2010-11. Polio has been almost eradicated from the country. The World Health Organisation has decided to take India off the list of countries with active endemic wild poliovirus transmission.
The immensely popular Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana will be expanded to around 7 crore families. A National Vocational Education Qualification Framework is being developed to set common principles and guidelines for a nationally recognised qualification system, Ms. Patil said.