The 2006 European eHealth Conference and Exhibition brought together leaders in the field of eHealth from around the world to shape policies, share best practices, introduce new technology and foster strategic innovation in the new world of eHealthcare May 10-12 in Malaga, Spain. The meeting offered unique insight into the future of technology-driven healthcare. Nearly 200 thought leaders in the fields of health and ICT explored a variety of issues regarding the application of ICT to the healthcare industry. These experts discussed subjects such as individual electronic health cards containing complete medical records, the electronic prescription, interoperability of non-compatible technology, highly sophisticated portable/implantable devices, and new health-related mobile information platforms. Participants at the conference had the opportunity to make onsite visits to several research centres, hospitals and clinics that were currently developing or implementing eHealth projects in Andalusia as well as in other Spanish regions.