The UNAIDS’ new report titled ‘Financial Resources Required to Achieve Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support’, says that for achieving the goal of providing universal access to comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support by 2010, there is requirement of a dramatic and urgent scale-up of efforts. Universal access for 14 million people in less than three years’ time will also require significant increases in funding, between US$ 32 and US$ 51 billion, up from US$ 10 billion in 2007. By 2015, between US$ 45 and US$ 58 billion would be necessary to prolong this approach, according to the report. Brazil and Botswana are among countries that have made strides towards the goal, especially through the achievement of universal access to anti-retroviral treatment. Other nations such as Kenya, Ethiopia and South Africa are pushing ahead to meet their national targets by 2010. However, the US$ 10 billion made available this year to fund the fight against the virus falls far short of what is needed to achieve universal access. The new report also puts forward two other approaches to financing the effort to halt the spread of, and treat those living with, HIV/AIDS. According to the report, the lack of investment in the early years of the AIDS response, particularly in strengthening health systems and addressing the “drivers of the epidemic,” has resulted in a more serious epidemic and the higher levels of funding needed today.