According to a Danish study, dementia can be predicted ten years in advance which could help to prevent the disease in high-risk individuals.
The study is published in Canadian Medical Association Journal states a 10 year absolute risk estimates for dementia related to age, sex and common variation in the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene.
Reduction of risk factors for dementia will pave the way to prevent development of the disease.
Factors like age, sex and common variation in the APOE gene identify high-risk individuals with the greatest potential to benefit from targeted interventions to reduce risk factors.
The APOE protein is good for controlling cholesterol and to clear bet-amyloid protein from the brain in people with Alzheimer disease.
According to the Lancet Commission, early intervention for hypertension, smoking, diabetes, obesity, depression and hearing loss may slow or prevent disease development, the researchers said.
“If those individuals at highest risk can be identified, a targeted prevention with risk-factor reduction can be initiated early before disease has developed, thus delaying onset of dementia or preventing it,” said Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, a professor at the University of Copenhagen.
The data of 1, 04,537 people from Copenhagen, Denmark has been taken for the study and linked it to diagnoses of dementia.