India has only one allopathic government doctor for every 10,926 people in India against WHO’s recommended doctor-population ratio of 1:1000, a Government report states.
The National Health Profile, 2019 compiled by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI) states that though the situation has improved but still lot needs to be done to ramp up the number to serve people with accessible and affordable care.
As per the report, the number of registered allopathic doctors possessing recognised medical qualifications (under the MCI Act) and registered with state medical councils for 2017 and 2018 was 43,581 and 41,371, respectively.
“At present, an average population served by a government allopathic doctor is 10,926,” the report said.
The report, however, highlighted that there has been a marked improvement in the number of dentists and registered AYUSH doctors.
Number of AYUSH doctors increased from 7,73,668 in 2017 to 7,99,879 in 2018.
AYUSH has the maximum number of registered ayurvedic doctors (55.47 per cent) followed by registered homeopathy doctors (36.69 per cent) in India.
The report further states that the cost of treatment has been on the rise in India and it has led to inequity in access to health care services.
“India spends only 1.28 per cent of its GDP (2017-18) on health. Per capita public expenditure on health in nominal terms has gone up from Rs 621 in 2009-10 to Rs 1,657 in 2017-18. The Centre-state share in total public expenditure on health was 37:63 in 2017-18,” it said.
The report highlighted that health insurance was a growing segment in the country, even as it hasn’t taken off fully and several measures are needed to improve and expand the insurance coverage.