According to a new study published in ‘Journal of Oncology’, the number of cancer cases in India can double every 20 years.
The study conducted by two researchers from Kolkata and London also stated the increase in life expectancy rate to be the reason behind the rise in cancer incidence.
Experts call this the Epidemiological Transition Levels (ETL) and similarly, states with high ETL rate see more cases of cancer, but mortality of the disease is low.
For instance, in spite of enrolling fewer cancer cases than Kerala, Uttar Pradesh’s death rate is 4 times higher than the southern state. All thanks to better health facilities and early diagnosis in the state.
The study also found that cancers caused by infections like cervical, stomach and penile are diminishing, while lifestyle and ageing cancers like breast, colorectal and prostate cancers have witnessed an increase in numbers.
States like Odisha, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have witnessed a rise in ETL rate and hence there will be a rise in cancer mortality rates in the next 10-20 years.
Health committees suggested that the government should come up with initiatives to include multidisciplinary cancer treatment units and independent cancer speciality hospitals in all medical as suggested by health committees.