Surgeons at Faridabad-based, 300-bed Sarvodaya Hospital & Research Centre have successfully conducted brain surgery on a 20-day-old baby boy weighing only 1.1160 kg. This is the first time in India that neurosurgery of such a low-weighing baby has been done by opening the skull and removing a life-threatening blood clot from the brain which caused a seizure in the neonate. The condition would have proved fatal had it not been treated promptly. Sarvodaya Hospital has applied for LimcaBook of Records and Guinness Book of World Records to recognise this unheard-of surgical feat.
The premature baby was one among twins born preterm at 33 weeks to parents Deevakar Jha and Deepa Mishra. The baby, who cried late after birth, was referred to Sarvodaya Hospital for respiratory distress and perinatal asphyxia, where a team of surgeons led by Dr Pankaj Dawar and Dr. Mukesh Pandey took the child under their supervision.
Explaining the case, Dr Pankaj Dawar, Senior Consultant, Centre for Brain & Spine, Sarvodaya Hospital &Research Centre, said: “At birth, the baby weighed 1160 kg, but had perinatal asphyxia and respiratory distress thereafter and was immediately admitted to Sarvodaya Hospital. He was put on ventilator for five days. On the 19th day of his birth, the baby suffered from seizure. A MRI scan revealed a large intracranial blood clot inside the skull, probably from bleeding disorder.”
“On Day 19 of his birth and weighing only 1.160 kg, he was wheeled into the operation theatre for brain surgery. His skull was opened to expose her brain (mini-craniotomy) and the blood clot (hematoma) was successfully removed. With this, he has become the baby with the lowest weight to ever undergo brain surgery in India and probably in the world.”
Dr Manish Pahuja, Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, Sarvodaya Hospital and Research Centre, said: “Brain surgery of a baby of such low weight has not been done before in the country. This requires very careful consideration and specialized equipment for anaesthesia.”