Countries in the Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus have made significant progress in working toward some of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but efforts to achieve others have slowed or even regressed.
The region has already achieved some of the MDGs, particularly those related to carbon emissions, primary education and partly also drinking water and sanitation. But major problems remain in areas like income poverty, malnutrition, access to tertiary education, HIV/AIDS, the environment, as well as soil and water management. Effective implementation remains a challenge in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus. Special attention needs to be given to the non-income poverty indicators related to early childhood development, affordability of health and new lifestyle related diseases, social protection and water and soil management to address environmental related poverty. The Bishkek MDG Forum is part of a regional partnership between ADB, ESCAP and UNDP to accelerate progress towards MDG results in Asia and the Pacific. The partnership supports monitoring MDG progress, raising awareness and develop capacities and improving policies and institutions for achieving the MDGs. Major activities are regional reports, technical papers, MDG data base improvement, and dissemination and advocacy.