India and the United States have agreed to enhance cooperation in development of low-cost diagnostic and therapeutic medical technologies. At the India-US Summit on Translational Health Sciences, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) of the US and the Department of Biotechnology issued a joint statement to expand collaborative research, particularly in medical research in the vicinity of the national capital. The focus will be on infectious diseases, trauma, maternal and child health and chronic diseases like diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The Ministry of Science and Technology is setting up the country’s first-ever Translational Health Science and Technology Institute to facilitate development, optimisation and uation of technologies for public health. The collaboration will include organisation of workshops and meetings to share experiences and scientific information, direct links between appropriate centres of excellence, institutes and institutions in both countries. The two sides have reportedly also signed a Letter of Intent on Translational Research expressing interest for cooperation.