Positive approach may help a woman to reduce risk of developing type 2 diabetes, claims a study, published in the journal ‘Menopause’.
The research based on data from a long-term study called the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) explored whether the association between personality traits and risk of diabetes is mediated by behavioural pathways such as diet, smoking, or physical activity.
The study followed 139,924 postmenopausal women from the WHI who were without diabetes at baseline. In 14 years, 19,240 cases of type 2 diabetes were identified.
The results of women with higher quartile of optimism were compared with women who were least optimistic. The former had a 12 per cent lower risk of incident diabetes.
“Personality traits remain stable across one’s lifetime; therefore, women at higher risk for diabetes who have low optimism, high negativity, and hostility could have prevention strategies tailored to their personality types,” said JoAnn Pinkerton, executive director of the North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
“In addition to using personality traits to help us identify women at higher risk for developing diabetes, more individualized education and treatment strategies also should be used,” Pinkerton said.
The findings conclude that low optimism and high negativity were directly correlated with increased risk of incident diabetes in postmenopausal women, independent of other health behaviours and depressive symptoms.