Bollywood actress Sonali Bendre Behl has been diagnosed with metastatic cancer. It is considered high-grade cancer because it easily gets spread to the other parts of the body.
What is Metastatic Cancer?
‘Metastasis’ is the medical term for cancer which spreads to different parts of the body. The process of cancer spreading from one part of the body to other is known to be cancer which has metastasized. Metastasis is also known as metastatic cancer and called as stage 4 cancer. This form of cancer is also referred to as advanced cancer, but this does not stand true in all situations. A locally advanced cancer is not the same as metastatic cancer, it is cancer which has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes but not in other parts of the body.
Dr. Adwait Gore, Medical Oncologist, Zen Hospital has put his expert view on its development and how it spread to a new location. “Metastasis develops when cancer cells break away from the site of original (primary) tumor and travel to a different part of the body by entering the lymphatic system or via blood. “High-grade cancer” indicates the aggressive biological behaviour of the disease.
“When cancer spreads to a new location, it is still named after the area of the body where it has started. For example, a person with breast cancer that has spread to the bones is said to have a Stage 4 breast cancer with bone metastases. If cancer has spread widely throughout the body before the primary is discovered it is termed as “cancer of unknown primary origin.”
Thus metastatic cancer can be only diagnosed once all the investigations related to Tumour, Node, and Metastasis (TNM) is done, added Dr. Gore.
It is usually developed in the brain, lungs, lymph, lymph nodes, liver, and bones.
Diagnosis of metastatic cancer
People who have already suffered and got treated for metastatic cancer should go for regular. All the tests need to be done to prevent any symptoms of metastases. Some individuals have been found to have metastases at the time of diagnosis of their original cancer
In the majority of the cases, the process of chemotherapy is applied to treat metastatic cancer. Apart from this, treatments including radiation, chemotherapy or even a surgery may be done to remove metastases.
However, there are many symptoms of this form of cancer, but sometimes, it may not cause symptoms. Like, in the case of the actress, where it began with a simple niggling pain and shortness of breath.