Revered by millions of Hindus as the Gateway to Heaven, Haridwar is steadily focussing on hygiene side of this holy place thronged by thousands of devotees and tourists from across India and world every day, writes Souvik Goswami of Elets News Network (ENN).
The Government of Uttarakhand has undertaken various initiatives to ensure that Haridwar develops into a hygienic and disease-free city. Due to concerted administrative efforts in this direction, the State was termed first ‘Swachh State’ in the country in 2016.
With the solid waste emerging as one of the most burning issues these days, Haridwar Municipal Corporation has formed a plan on Solid Waste Management.
Solid Waste Management (SWM) holds a huge significance. It’s a planned management process of the discarded waste, encompassing all aspects of it including collecting, treating, and disposing of waste.
If not properly managed, solid waste can lead to unsanitary conditions which, in turn, can create environment pollution. It also provides a fertile ground for thriving of rodents and insects causing fear of possible outbreaks of many diseases.
“A Solid Waste Management Plant is a paramount necessity of any city. In Haridwar, we face the unique challenge of floating population, much larger than permanent population. A Ghat cleaning project on the lines of Varanasi Nagar Nigam is also proposed under Namami Gange Scheme. Underground bins are also being proposed to check littering. With the Kumbha Mela to be held in Haridwar in 2021, our Municipal Corporation is committed to provide world class sanitation service,” Nitin Bhadauria, Vice Chairman Haridwar Roorkee Development Authority and Commissioner, Haridwar Municipal Corporation.
Inspired by the overall initiatives of Uttarakhand Government, the municipal authorities of Haridwar have also decided to wage a war against the huge scale of solid waste that the city generates every day.
Spread over 12.17 sq km and having a population of 2,52,338 as per census 2011, the Haridwar city generates 237 Metric Tonne (MT) of waste on an average daily. According to an estimate, the city which has 1.6 lakh/day floating population currently, would rise to 6,29,492 by 2025.
Industry experts believe that the city would generate 250 MT/day waste in peak months. The projected waste generation till 2025 is 278 MT/ day while the figure would rise to 353 MT/day till 2040.
Initiated in 2008-09 under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), the SWM project couldn’t get off till 2015 as it got embroiled into various litigations in the Supreme Court and National Green Tribunal (NGT).
In 2017, NGT directed Uttarakhand Environment Protection & Pollution Control Board (UKPCB) to give consent to operate the plant. Door to door collection was made operational and various plant machinery was established.
Not only that in Swachhta Sarvekshan (cleanliness survey) SWM plant received 1,400 out of 3,500 points.
- 63 cities were chosen by Government of India under JNNURM on 16th December, 2005
- Under this mission, Dehradun. Haridwar and Nainital were chosen from Uttarakhand
- On 26 March, 2010, the Government of Uttarakhand sanctioned the SWM DPR (detailed project report) to be implemented in PPP mode
- Urban Development Directorate got the SWM Haridwar DPR prepared from IPE Global, Delhi DPR was approved by Government of India in 2008-09
- Total financial sanction of DPR was to the tune of Rs 1,671.53 lakhs Total revised DPR amount – Rs 2,172.98 lakhs
- Total funds released under JNNURM and SBM(Swachh Bharat Mission)- Rs 1002.02 lakh
- Revolving fund from UKPCB –Rs 500.00 lakh
- State Government grant –Rs 100.00 lakh