Health Day 527

Understanding diabetes in five simple points

Diabetes has emerged as a major non-communicable disease that can be managed by following strict diet, exercise regime and proper medication. Below are five important points by Dr Sahil Fulara, Consultant Endocrinologist at Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, to help you develop better insight into the disease.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Both men and women may experience the symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes like increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, weight loss or gain that has no obvious cause, fatigue, blurred vision, wounds that heal slowly, nausea, skin infections, patches of darker skin in areas of the body that have creases, irritability, breath that has a sweet, fruity, or acetone odour, reduced feeling in your hands or feet.

How often should a person having diabetes need to undergo health check-up?

Sugar, lipids, thyroids tests should be done every once a year. However, someone who has already been detected with diabetes should get themselves checked every three months.

What are some of the lifestyle changes patients with diabetes need to adopt?

One should adopt lifestyle changes like walking, exercising, take diet with carbohydrate restriction.

How prone are Indians to diabetes?

Indians, who are obese, are majorly prone to diabetes. Insulin resistant people have a chance to turn diabetic. The people who have pot bellies are likely to be diagnosed with diabetes. Insulin resistant people and certain genetic factors are the major cause of diabetes. Genetic factors like lipoproteins in A and HSCRP and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein are commonly found in the bodies Indians. These factors also make us prone to heart attacks.

How can those people who are at high risk keep diabetes at bay?

Diet plays a major role in helping the people keeping diabetes at bay. Ignoring carbohydrates and moving towards healthier diet is the best tip a person should follow. Even a balanced diet contains 60 per cent carbohydrates, 15-20 per cent protein and the rest is fat. Just count the amount of calories you consume on daily basis. Ignore diet with high calories. Vaccines have been introduced in the US to help reduce the burden of the disease. There are stages of diabetes – 1,2 3 and 4. It is only after the problem passes the stage 4 that people start medication.

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