162 medical colleges serve a population base of 252 million. 80 per cent of this medical education base is whoppingly in the private sector, with the state of Karnataka leading the pack. The erstwhile French Colony and Union Territory of Puducherry is dotted with only private medical education institutions. It has the best nationwide ratio of medical colleges per million of population. As a result of its bifurcation, Andhra Pradesh has benefited the most by retaining the eight out of the ten government medical colleges.