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India may turn out to be ‘World Capital of Liver Diseases’

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India might soon become the “world capital of liver diseases”. A sedentary lifestyle, increased alcohol consumption and obesity are causing fatal liver diseases in India.
Speaking at a press conference, Abhideep Choudhary, consultant surgeon of surgical gastrology and liver transplantation at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital said that Urbanisation and changes linked with it like sedentary lifestyle, fatty food, uncontrolled blood sugar, obesity, smoking and high alcohol intake is leading Indians towards higher incidence of fatty liver disease that is Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is now one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease. Some people with excess fat in the liver simply have what is called a “fatty liver”. Although this is not normal, it is not serious if it does not lead to inflammation or damage.
Choudhary said these factors also increase the risk of Non Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), a common, often “silent” liver disease.
NASH can lead to cancer if patients are not treated in time.
He added fatty liver and NASH have been found in all age groups, including children. However, it is more common between the age group of 40 to 49 years. Timely diagnosis of disease is even more important, otherwise it could develop into cancers, like those of the stomach.
Speaking on the treatment available, he said that if the diseases linked with fatty liver were timely diagnosed, then they could be treated with laparoscopy, minimal invasion surgery or robotic surgery.

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