World News

Sindh makes rapid progress in telemedicine

Pakistan's Sindh region will set up telemedicine services all its 23 districts very soon. According to Sindh Governor Dr. Ishrantul Ebad Khan. This will enable people living in remote rural areas of Sindh to access specialist doctors working in Pakistan's cities. And it seems that Pakistan government is not procrastinating on this issue, which demands urgent addressing.

According to the Governor, the telemedicine centers will be opened in the districts of Sindh in the next three months, in which e-consultation system will be introduced. All the taluks would be linked through Internet with hospitals in the big cities of Pakistan. Wherever it would not be possible to establish Internet linkages, the patients would contact the given city specialists within the ambit of this network, through cell phone. In case of emergencies also the patient can contact his nearest telemedicine centre through cell phone and access e-consultancy.

Transmitting medical images, digitally

Cuba's Medical Biophysics Center, located in the city of Santiago, has developed a transmission system of digital medical images, which has already been installed in several hospitals of this island-nation, across 11 provinces. The revolutionary software known as Imagis has the potential to give an added boost to the already fast-developing world of health informatics and telemedicine, as it enables storing, processing, visualizing and transmission by e-mail, the images received in tomographs, ultrasound, magnetic resonance, X rays, angiographs and others.
This innovation can facilitate patients' diagnosis as through this technique, physicians can interact and discuss the cases with each other online, on the basis of the images. The medical images at hand can always help the given doctor/s in administering proper medication. The new horizons to its application have been already opened, as positive experiences of generalization of the Imagis system in the health units of Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Venezuela are trickling in.

Getting some teeth in tackling Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis or the thinning of bone is a common disease among aged women. Moreover, for a woman of 50, the vulnerability to this disease markedly progresses with the passing of decades. While more than 38 percent of women in the west over 70 are affected by this disease, 70 percent of the western women over 80 are at the risk of osteoporosis, which entails a high risk of bone fractures. Now a three-year long research by a EU funded project has yielded encouraging results, which may lead to the early detection of osteoporosis. Professor Keith Horner and Dr Hugh Devlin of Manchester University coordinated the project in collaboration with the universities of Athens, Leuven, Amsterdam and Malmo, to develop an automated approach to detecting the disease.

The researchers have found that the bone-thinning disease of osteoporosis can be detected through dental X rays. The team of researchers has developed a  software for measuring the thickness of a part of a patient's lower jaw, and on the basis of this specific measurement, dentists can easily identify the vulnerability of a given person to this disease. The jaw cortex widths of less than 3mm are a key indicator of osteoporosis, and the researchers used active shape modelling techniques to detect it. Moreover, the method developed by the team of researchers are not only automated and affordable, but is also simple, and can be carried by a dentist next door taking routine X rays.

Now the ball is in the court of the X ray equipment manufacturing companies, who have to integrat

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